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PALS-K is a measure of children’s knowledge of several important literacy fundamentals: rhyme awareness, beginning sound awareness, alphabet knowledge, letter sounds, spelling, concept of word, and word recognition in isolation. PALS-K provides a direct means of matching literacy instruction to specific literacy needs and provides a means of identifying those children who are relatively behind in their acquisition of fundamental literacy skills.

Students’ scores on specific PALS-K tasks are added together to create a summed score. The summed score is compared against a benchmark that represents minimum expectations for fall and for spring. If a student’s summed score is below the benchmark, that student should receive instruction that is in addition to the regular classroom literacy instruction.

Teachers can use a wide variety of student and classroom reports and tools to plan individual, small-group, and whole-group instruction. Use PALS RtI Quick Checks to monitor effectiveness of instruction and celebrate success along the way.